Ixia

Ixia


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The herbaceous perennial plant Ixia is a member of the Iris family. According to information taken from various sources, there are from 40 to more than 60 different species in this genus. This plant comes from South Africa, namely, from the Cape region. The scientific name of this genus comes from the Greek word, which means "bird glue", meaning the sticky sap of a plant. Cultivation of this flower began in the 18th century. To date, the most widespread varieties are Ixia, which are hybrids, they have a common name - Ixia hybrid. At the same time, species ixia are becoming less popular every year.

Ixia features

Ixia is a bulbous plant, the height of which can vary from 0.15 to 0.7 m. The shoots are thin. Narrow linear long leaf plates are xiphoid and two-row. On the peduncle there are about 10 wide open flowers, reaching from 25 to 50 mm in diameter. The flowers include 6 petals of red, yellow, white or pink color, while closer to the middle, the color becomes more saturated and dark, for example: black, dark red or brown. Flowering is observed in the last spring weeks or the first - in the summer. At night, as well as in cloudy weather, the flowers of this plant do not open. The flowers have a not very strong, but rather pleasant smell, which is attractive to various insects, for example, to bees.

Ixia planting in open ground

What time to plant

If Ixia is grown in areas with sufficiently warm and mild climatic conditions, then its planting in open soil can be carried out in spring (from the last days of April to the first days of May) or in autumn (in November). Since the planting material of this plant dies at a temperature of less than minus 1-2 degrees, then in middle latitudes, as well as in colder regions, it is planted only in spring.

Each season for planting ixia, it is recommended to choose a new site, which serves as a good prevention against diseases and pests. A site should be chosen well-lit, located away from trees, and also protected from gusts of wind. Ixia grows best in fertile, neutral soil saturated with humus. For planting, those areas where there is stagnation of liquid are not suitable.

Landing rules

First you need to carefully prepare the site for planting. To do this, they dig it up with the introduction of compost, as well as leveling the surface. It is recommended to add sand to heavy soil.

Go through the planting material. It is recommended to plant only elastic and dense bulbs, and all dry, soft and moldy bulbs are subject to rejection. Make holes and cover their bottom with a layer of nutritious soil, while taking into account that the bulb is buried in the ground by 50–80 mm. When planting corms, a distance of 10–12 centimeters is observed between the holes, and when planting divins and children - from 8 to 10 centimeters. The planted plants do not need to be watered, but the surface of the site must be immediately covered with a layer of organic mulch, the thickness of which should be from 20 to 30 mm. In the current season, the first flowering can be observed only in those plants that have grown from the largest bulbs. The rest of the bushes will bloom only after 1-2 years.

Ixia care in the garden

It is not difficult to grow ixia in your garden, but this is only if you know some of the rules and features. For a plant to grow and develop correctly, it needs a lot of light, warmth and high humidity. In this regard, it is recommended to choose sunny areas for planting, and in order to increase the humidity of the air, it is necessary to moisten the bushes from a spray bottle in the evenings. When grown in a shaded area, the bushes grow less spectacular, so their peduncles become very thin and long, while the flowers lose their rich color.

You need to care for this crop in the same way as for other garden plants. So, it needs to be watered, weeded, fed on time, removed wilted flowers, loosened the soil surface between the bushes, and also protected from pests and diseases, if necessary.

How to water and feed

It was already mentioned above that when the corms are planted in open soil, they do not need to be watered. This should be done only when shoots appear (after about 15–20 days). From this point on, the plants begin to be systematically watered. During bud formation and flowering, watering should be abundant and frequent. Water for irrigation should be used settled and warm, while it is recommended to dissolve in it agents that stimulate abundant and prolonged flowering.

For feeding, experts advise using mineral fertilizers for bulbous crops, but you can also take organic fertilizers. Ixia should be fed from the first summer weeks. After the bushes have faded, they cease to be watered and fed.

Reproduction of ixia

Around the maternal corms, babies gradually grow, which they use for reproduction. Before planting the bulbs, the children should be separated, while the break points should be treated with crushed coal. Then the children are planted in open soil. The first flowering of such plants can be seen only for 2-3 years.

Also, the plant can be propagated by dividing the bulb. It should be cut into several pieces using a very sharp knife. It should be noted that each section should have an eye and a piece of the bottom with the rudiments of the rhizome. Places of cuts at the delenki need to be treated with brilliant green, coal powder or wood ash, then they are immediately planted in open ground. Such plants often bloom already in the current season.

Wintering

When the plant fades, it is not necessary to immediately remove the corms from the soil, since they still need to accumulate the required amount of nutrients. As a rule, the bulbs are excavated in the last days of July. Corms should be dried in a shaded area with good ventilation. Then they are treated with a strong solution of potassium permanganate and dried again. For storage, the corms should be placed in a box, which is removed in a cool and dry room. You can also store the bulbs on the vegetable shelf of the refrigerator. It was already mentioned above that it is necessary to plant Ixia in regions with a cold climate in the spring, and in warmer ones - in the fall. If desired, Ixia can be planted for distillation, in this case, in the winter months, it will become an excellent decoration for any room. In regions with very warm winters, Ixia is left in the open ground for the cold season, for this the yellowed and withered aboveground part must be removed, and the site is covered with a layer of mulch (straw, loose leaves, dry soil, sawdust or spruce branches).

Diseases and pests

Ixia has a very high resistance to pests and diseases. The only problems can begin if there is stagnation of moisture in the soil. Due to prolonged waterlogging of the soil, mold may appear on the corms. In this regard, when preparing a site for planting, this feature must be taken into account. If the soil is excessively heavy or clayey, then sand is added to it for digging.

Types and varieties of ixia with photos and names

The types of ixia that are cultivated by gardeners will be described below.

Green-flowered Ixia (Ixia viridiflora)

It is relatively difficult to find planting material for this type of ixia. The flat and small flowers are green in color, with a black-purple center.

Ixia spotted (Ixia maculata)

The bulb is rounded in diameter up to 30 mm. The height of the leafy stem is about 0.4 m. The basal leaf plates are narrow and lanceolate. The spike-shaped inflorescences include flowers that reach 40 mm in diameter and have a varied color with a dark center. The flowers are wide open during the daytime and close at night.

Chinese Ixia (Ixia chinensis)

This species, which is a Far Eastern one, is endangered. The rhizome of the bush is short, and the height of the stems can vary from 0.5 to 1.5 meters. In the lower part of the stems there are 5-8 pieces of xiphoid leaf plates, reaching half a meter in length and 40 millimeters in width. Branching, spreading panicle inflorescences consist of 12–20 wide-open flowers of yellow or brown-red color, on their surface there are dark purple specks, and in diameter they can reach about 70 millimeters. The flower opens in the first half of a sunny day, while the beginning of its wilting occurs at 17 o'clock. Quite popular among gardeners is the decorative form of the type of flava with large flowers of a solid yellow color, a fan variety (there is an overlap of leaf plates on each other by 3/4 of the length) and a variety of purpurea (flowers are colored red-yellow).

Ixia hybrid (Ixia x hybrida)

The height of such a perennial plant is from 0.3 to 0.5 m. Narrow leaf plates are arranged in two rows. Peduncles are leafless. Spike-shaped or racemose inflorescences consist of 6-12 funnel-shaped flowers, they can be painted in different colors, but their middle is dark red or brown. Flowering occurs at the beginning of the spring period, and it lasts about 20 days. Cultivated since 1770 Popular varieties:

  1. Blue Bird... The flowers are colored white and blue.
  2. Castor... The color of the flowers is red.
  3. Giant... Inflorescences are creamy white.
  4. Earley Seprise... The flowers are red-carmine with white.
  5. Hogarth... Inflorescences are cream colored.
  6. Hollands Glory and Market... These varieties have yellow flowers.
  7. Mabel... The color of the inflorescences is red-carmine.
  8. Volcano... Inflorescences have a brick-red color.
  9. Rose Imperial... The flowers are painted in a delicate pink color.

You can also buy the Ixia Mix variety, which includes plants of various colors.


Freesia: growing in the garden and at home

Author: Natalia Category: Garden Plants Published: January 20, 2019 Reissued: February 19, 2019 Last revised: February 17, 2021

  • Listen to the article
  • Planting and caring for freesia
  • Plant features
  • Growing conditions
  • Growing freesia outdoors
    • How to grow
    • Planting freesia
    • Freesia care in the garden
    • Diseases and pests
  • Freesias at home
    • How to plant
    • How to care
  • Freesia after flowering
    • Home freesia
    • Garden freesia
  • Storing the bulbs
  • Types and varieties
    • Freesia armstrongii
    • Freesia hybrid (Freesia hybrida)
    • Freesia white, or refracted, or broken (Freesia refracta)
  • Literature
  • Comments (1)

Freesia or Cape lily of the valley has not gone out of fashion for hundreds of years. Once she was hunted by court gardeners and perfumers, now - fashionable florists, brides and photographers.
If you dream of growing this shocking celebrity of the flower world on your own, please be patient and arm yourself with the invaluable experience of your colleagues.

  • How to grow freesia without a greenhouse?
  • What color freesias grow the fastest?
  • How to provide humid air to home freesia and not destroy it?
  • Is it realistic to make capricious freesia bloom in the middle of winter?

Planting Ixia in open ground

The time for planting the tubers (bulbs) of Ixia in open ground depends on the climatic features of the zone. It should be borne in mind that seedlings will freeze even in the soil if the air temperature drops to -1-2⁰С. In warm regions, the "rested" planting material can be planted in open ground in the fall, but in the middle and northern latitudes, it should "winter" in a cool, dark, dry place where there are no subzero air temperatures.

When planting Ixia bulbs, several simple rules should be followed:

  • the site must be freshly dug up with compost,
  • sand is added to heavy soil at the rate of 1 * 1,
  • use only high-quality tubers without traces of rotting and mold,
  • Ixia bulbs are placed in holes no more than 8 cm deep,
  • the distance between them must be at least 8 and no more than 12 cm,
  • in the first few days, the plot with seedlings is not watered,
  • immediately carry out its mulching with organic matter.

The soil temperature in the area where Ixia will be planted should be at least 15⁰С. If the tubers of the plant are planted in the fall, then the depth of the hole should be 10-12 cm.


Transplant and reproduction

Due to the fact that the plant came to us from hot countries with a warm humid climate, the conditions in the summer are suitable for it, but the plant is not able to winter. In warm regions, where the winter temperature hovers around zero, the bulb is left in the ground under a dry shelter.

Preparing the landing site

For planting bulbs, you must choose an open, well-lit place. Drainage of the soil will provide coarse sand and peat. The acidity of the soil should be neutral.

How can Ixia be propagated on your own

At the end of the growing season, after flowering, the plant is dug up. Small daughter bulbs are formed on the tuber. Each bulb must have its own root. After separation, the attachment site is treated with activated carbon or potassium permanganate solution. You can try growing Ixia from seeds, but this process is more time consuming and not suitable for hybrid forms.

Growing Ixia at home and in a pot

In cold conservatories and heated greenhouses, ixia will bloom several times a year. It is difficult to achieve flowering at home, since for the formation of flowers it is necessary to lower the temperature to + 6 ° С, then gradually increase it to + 13 ° С, providing the plant with 16 hours of lighting.

Preparing for winter

Within 30 days after flowering, the leaves die off. If the plant grows in gardens with warm winters, then the aboveground part of the plant is cut off and laid on top of the tubers, additionally covered with foliage and branches. In cases where the winter temperature drops below zero, Ixia is dug up, the bulbs are dried, treated with potassium permanganate and stored in paper bags on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator.

Reproduction

There are two ways to breed this species. Separation of young babies from the mother's bulb and seed reproduction. In the first case, the plant will bloom the next year, seed reproduction will give flowering in the second or third year. Reproduction is possible by dividing the bulb. It is required to divide it in such a way that on each part there are roots and a kidney.

Growing from seeds

Growing from seed takes a lot of effort. The seeds must be pre-soaked in water for a day and the water must be changed every 6 hours. The soil for planting should consist of equal parts of peat, humus, turf and sand, and must be sterilized. Seeds are sown to a depth of 0.6-0.7 cm in a mini greenhouse or a box covered with glass (film). The seedling area should be well lit. When the second or third leaf appears, the seedlings can be planted in separate containers and start hardening 20 days before planting in open ground. It should be transplanted into the garden very carefully, along with a lump of earth.

Planting bulbs

The selected planting material must be dry and clean, without visible mechanical and fungal damage. A few hours before planting, the bulbs are soaked in a solution of Fundazol or Maxim.When the danger of frost has passed and the ground warms up well, the bulbs are planted in open ground at a distance of 10 to 12 cm from each other, to a depth of 7 cm. Seedlings appear as early as 15 days. In warm regions, they are planted even before winter to a depth of 15 cm. Early flowering can be achieved by planting the bulbs in a pot in April, and transplanted into open ground in early May.

Diseases and pests

All types of ixia are very resistant to diseases and pests. In cases of yellowing of the peduncle, the tuber of the plant must be dug up and the bulb must be examined for mold and rot. Waterlogging can also be the cause of yellowing. Having found rot, the plant will have to be destroyed.


Watch the video: Winter flowering plant Ixia ko bulb se kaise grow kare::


Comments:

  1. Camdan

    Rather amusing phrase

  2. Garey

    UH. Goosebumps have already gone.

  3. Fitzgilbert

    You commit an error. I can prove it.

  4. Neshicage

    remarkably, very valuable information



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