Description and characteristics of the black handsome eggplant variety

Description and characteristics of the black handsome eggplant variety


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The mid-season eggplant variety Black Handsome has gained popularity due to its special shape, color and lack of bitterness during cooking. Based on the experience of growing this variety, The black handsome man is able to surprise with the simplicity of cultivation and a rich harvest. With proper care, an unpretentious vegetable retains the ability to bear fruit in adverse weather conditions. The description and characteristics of this variety are presented below.

Description and characteristics of the eggplant variety Black Beauty

Thanks to the work of Russian breeders, in 2006 the variety was included in the register of domestic seeds. Since then, it has been successfully grown both in the southern and northern regions, including the Moscow region. The first thing that catches your eye when you get acquainted with the variety is a rich purple-black color, a pear-shaped medium-sized shape. Gardeners noted the following characteristics:

  • variety is enough fruitful;
  • by maturity belong to mid-season varieties;
  • from the moment of planting the seeds reaches maturity after 120-140 days;
  • plant seeds for seedlings in March, in open ground by the end of May;
  • harvesting falls in July-August in the south until September.

If the growing rules are followed, a good yield is guaranteed. Considered commercially attractive for cultivation for sale. Fruits 15-20 cm long, covered with a shiny skin, look appetizing and attractive. Average weight 150-200 gr. It is superior to many varieties in taste.

If young fruits are harvested, they can be eaten with the peel without the use of salt, as they do not taste bitter. Grains form inside the overgrown vegetables.

Advantages and disadvantages

In terms of good yield and unpretentious cultivation characteristics, the variety has a number of advantages:

  1. Plant bush does not shade the garden, the fruits ripen well.
  2. Ripe eggplant reach medium size.
  3. Suitable for cooking any dishes, drying, preservation.
  4. The variety is less prone to the occurrence of pests, diseases.

Among the disadvantages are - weak root system. The plant also does not like shading; when choosing a place for the garden, this point should be taken into account.

In order not to damage the roots of the seedlings, it is best to plant them on the garden bed in peat pots.

Preparing seeds for planting

Eggplants are grown mainly by seedlings. First of all, attention is paid to the shelf life of seeds. The manufacturer always indicates the date of packaging, storage. If in doubt about their suitability, the seeds must be germinated inside a wet cloth.

To increase the plant's resistance to stress, the seeds can be kept in the refrigerator for several days. This will allow them to be hardened, which is extremely important for the northern regions, where weather conditions fluctuate towards low temperatures. Before planting, treat the seeds with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or pharmacy peroxide.

Preparing the soil for planting

Eggplants of any variety love loose, fertile soil:

  1. To achieve this in the fall, it is necessary apply organic fertilizers (manure, bird droppings), dig up the bed.
  2. To arrange a bed in the open areato have more sun.
  3. In the spring, how will the snow melt with the arrival of heat, the garden bed... Thanks to the autumn preparation, the earth will be crumbly.
  4. In areas where loam or saline soil for looseness, gypsum is added (1 ton of gypsum per hectare).

The prepared bed is left until the weather conditions are favorable for planting the eggplant. It is not recommended to plant them where they grew last season - potatoes, tomatoes, bell peppers.

If weeds appear, they need to be cleaned or treated with herbicides.

Landing technology

To get a good harvest from the garden, it is necessary to observe the distance of planting seedlings. If planted too densely, the bushes will grow upward, excessive shade will harm. Root rot may form, the fruits will ripen longer. Bushes that are rarely planted will dry out quickly in the sun and may need to be tied.

The ideal option is to plant seedlings at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other. To make it easier to water the plant, you can organize holes or depressions. Some gardeners to avoid tying up, take 2 bush for 1 hole. This technique is also used if the seedlings are weak, at least one from one bush should take root.

The planted seedlings are watered not with cold, settled water. In order for the water to warm up, it is enough to pour it into buckets in the morning, by the evening the sun will do its job. The best conditions for landing are in the afternoon. If planted in the morning, the sun can burn the leaves, they will take root worse.

Seedlings, until they get stronger, cannot be loosened and disturbed.

Care after landing

  1. When it rains so that the roots do not rot, it is necessary to provide loosening.
  2. During the summer heat water so that the soil does not dry out. Eggplants love moisture, you can spray them in the evening.
  3. 10-12 days after planting, the plant needs fertilize with any universal product or a solution of fermented humus 1:10.
  1. So that pests do not start, the soil under the bushes can be sprinkled with ashes.
  2. So that the bushes have a squat shape and bear fruit well, pinch the top of the main trunk.
  3. Small flowers, deformed ovary - it is better to remove, otherwise they will take power from the bush.

Diseases and their prevention

The most dangerous disease for this variety is root rot (black leg). Most often, infection occurs if the seeds have not been treated. To do this, they are sprayed with solutions or special means. You can cure the bushes if you notice the first signs in time. You can use the drug Fitosporin. Pour the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate. An uninvited guest, the Colorado potato beetle, often comes to the garden.

Spark or Fitoverm preparations will help protect bushes from the Colorado potato beetle.

Harvesting and storage rules

Depending on the region and the date of planting, the harvest takes place in different ways. Eggplants usually bear fruit from mid-July to autumn. As they ripen, the fruits are removed from the bushes. The stalks are carefully torn off or cut from the bush with garden shears. Store in a cool place or refrigerator. Cellophane bags are not suitable for long-term storage, vegetables can rot inside.

Do not soak or wash vegetables before storing them. If the storage conditions are observed correctly, the eggplants will have a marketable appearance for 12-14 days. Stocky gardeners from eggplant prepare conservation or dry. If you are not too lazy in the summer and plant a garden, in the fall you can stock up on a wide variety of eggplant pickles for the whole winter.

Having studied the presented material, you can grow eggplants, which will differ from other varieties in taste and rich harvest. The black handsome man will become a favorite at his summer cottage and will not bring much trouble!


Eggplant "black handsome". Features of the variety

Eggplant is known to most people as a delicious vegetable used in many dishes. But not everyone knows how many varieties and hybrids of this plant exist. It takes a lot of time and effort to get this vegetable on our tables. Among the variety of varieties, one can single out those that have been bred recently. They are more disease resistant and are optimal for growing both in greenhouses and outdoors. Many gardeners have long chosen the "black handsome" eggplant. We will talk about the features of the variety and the technology of growing this vegetable in our article.


Characteristics and description of the variety

The eggplant variety Black Handsome was bred as a variety for gardeners, and not for industrial cultivation. Officially, the Black Beauty was included in the register of varieties in 2006. It becomes more and more popular every year. The black handsome man can be grown in the southern regions in the open field, and in the Central lane and in the Urals in a polycarbonate greenhouse. The plant is medium-sized, semi-spreading.

The yield of the Black Handsome eggplant variety is from 1 m 2 of area to 10 kg. The plant gives fruits weighing 200-250 g. In terms of the ripening of the crop, this variety belongs to the mid-season: from the moment of germination to technical maturity, about 120-130 days pass.

Pear-shaped fruits are perfectly smooth with intense shine. Their skin is colored black and purple. The average length of a vegetable is up to 15 cm. Fruit ripening is amicable, and at this moment the bush looks especially attractive.

The pulp is white, dense, without the inherent bitterness of the culture. If the fruit is overripe, then its pulp becomes yellowish, but this is not reflected in the taste. There are few seeds in the fruits, which makes them especially valuable from a culinary point of view.


Characteristics of diseases and pests

Very often this plant is exposed to various fungal diseases: black leg, gray rot, late blight. Among the insects are the following: Colorado potato beetle, aphids, slugs. Even though this variety has good immunity, one should not forget about preventive measures.

  • before disembarking, the change should be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate
  • lower leaves should be cut regularly
  • every few weeks the soil under the bush should be sprinkled with wood ash
  • in order to prevent the appearance of a black leg, the ground should be treated with bleach
  • pollination of the plant with dry mustard will help prevent the appearance of rot and slugs. In addition, it is recommended to periodically loosen the soil.
  • alder branches laid out under the eggplant bushes will help protect the plant from the bear.

As a result, it should be noted that Black Beauty eggplants are a popular variety with high yields and good immunity. In addition, this plant variety is very easy to care for, it also tastes great, for which it is especially appreciated.


Black handsome care

To get a bountiful harvest, you need to adhere to the following recommendations:

  • When the first flowers appear, water the bushes with a growth stimulant. This will speed up fruit formation.
  • When the bushes grow up to 40 cm, pinch the upper part. After that, a maximum of 10 eggplants should remain on the plant.
  • Loosen the soil after watering.
  • Apply fertilizer 4 times. This should be done 1 month after planting the seedlings, at the budding stage, during fruit formation and a couple of weeks before harvesting.
  • Water in the morning and evening. This should be done with warm, settled water.

Important! Cold water cannot be used for irrigation, since it provokes fungal diseases. When the soil is moistened during the day, there is a risk of leaf burns.

Eggplant of the Black Krasavets variety is distinguished by its high yield and undemanding care. Nevertheless, for active fruiting, the bushes need to be properly watered and fed. It is important to prevent the development of diseases and pest attacks.To avoid such problems, you need to follow agrotechnical recommendations and carry out preventive treatments with special preparations.


Growing rules

There will be no particular difficulties in growing the Black Handsome - care is no different from the agricultural technology of other vegetable crops. Main requirements:

  • regular watering
  • nutrient input
  • weeding, loosening the soil
  • treatment against pests, diseases.

The features of care in the beds and in greenhouse conditions are the same and do not require special knowledge and experience.

Landing dates

Cultivation of eggplant Black handsome occurs only through seedlings - planting seeds in open ground will not allow harvesting, although the bushes will grow powerful and tall. In warm regions, it is recommended to send planting material to containers with a substrate at the end of February, in cool regions - at the beginning of March. In Siberia, it is better to start growing seedlings between the 20th and 25th of the first spring month.

Seed preparation

Before sending the planting material to the substrate (it is recommended to purchase a ready-made mixture for seedlings), the seeds must be disinfected. To do this, prepare a solution of potassium permanganate, lower the planting material for half an hour, dry it on paper.

Choosing a landing site

Experienced gardeners recommend growing seedlings on sunny windowsills. It is imperative to ensure that direct sunlight does not harm the delicate leaves - on too hot days, create an artificial shade or remove containers deep into the room.

Seedling care

Young eggplant plants do not need to be fed. Caring for the seedlings of the Black Handsome consists of regular watering (it is recommended to do this along the edge of the containers) and loosening the soil surface with a thin stick. The pick should be carried out 5 weeks after the appearance of the first leaves.

Landing scheme

Plant young eggplant bushes at a distance of at least half a meter from each other. Leave 55-70 centimeters between the rows, this is enough for the development of plants and convenient movement between them when watering or loosening.


Testimonials

Galina, Moscow region

Great variety! I have been growing for more than one year in a polycarbonate greenhouse. Eggplants are large and, most importantly, without bitterness. You do not need to soak before cooking. In care, the main thing is to help the plants pollinate in time, for this, during flowering, I often air the greenhouse or pick one flower and pollinate several flowers with it by hand. I save myself from excessive heat by watering the paths between the beds or placing buckets of water. Eggplant plants are certainly capricious, but "Black handsome" justifies all the efforts.

Vlada, Krasnodar region

Favorite variety of our whole family. I grow up, and my mother, and my mother-in-law. The bushes are very compact, grows without support. Fruits are poured if not pinched at 200-250 grams. If you pinch, then there are not many fruits, but each is a pound. From leaving only regular watering and feeding according to the standard scheme. I alternate organic fertilizers with mineral fertilizers. Every year I bring in a barrel for nettle tincture and water it once a week under a bush, 250 ml. I read reviews that "Black Beauty" has weak roots, I did not notice such a problem. I do not loosen the beds, I cover them with straw immediately after planting. The taste of the fruit is excellent both in blanks and after freezing.


Watch the video: How To Prune u0026 Hand Pollinate Eggplant


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